Processing natural gas separates all the various hydrocarbons and liquids from it to produce pipeline-quality dry natural gas. On the other hand, natural gas liquids are used in various industries for producing fuel and even plastics.
What Are Natural Gas Liquids?
Natural gas liquids are natural gas components separated from the gaseous state in liquid form. They're hydrocarbons, meaning molecules composed of carbon and hydrogen. They also belong to the same family as natural gas and crude oil.
There are many uses for NGL's spanning nearly every sector of the economy:
Petrochemical plants use them as inputs to produce materials such as plastics;
They're burned for space heat or cooking;
They are blended into vehicle fuels.
Why Are Natural Gas Liquids Important?
Higher prices on crude oil have led to increased demand for these products, making drilling in liquid-rich resources more profitable than it once was due to their high content rate of natural gas liquids (NGL). Natural gas liquids have high value as separate products and have many different applications.
Depending on their vapour pressure, natural gas liquids are categorized into three main types:
Low vapour pressure NGL (condensate);
Intermediate vapour pressure NGL (natural gasoline);
High vapour pressure NGL (liquefied petroleum gas).
Based on their applications, there are many different types of natural gas liquids:
Ethane (C2H6) - Applications for ethane include plastics production and petrochemical feedstock- as raw materials fed into an industrial process to produce a new product. Some of the end products of these processes are plastics, detergents, and antifreeze.
Butanes (C4H10) - Butane can be blended with other fuels, such as gasoline and propane. Such a blend produces synthetic rubber for tires and lighter fuel. Pure butane is also used in refrigeration in its liquid form. When combined with propane, butane becomes liquified petroleum gas (LPG).
Isobutane (C4H10) - Isobutane is used in various industrial applications, including as a refinery feedstock and petrochemical feedstock. Some well-known end-use products include aerosols and refrigerants.
Propane (C3H8) - Propane has a number of applications and uses. Residential and commercial heating is just one example. Propane is also used as cooking fuel. Some vehicle owners also use propane as fuel for their cars.
Pentanes (C5H12) - Pentanes are mainly used in natural gasoline and as a blowing agent for polystyrene foam. There is also a special category, called Pentane Plus (also known as natural gasoline), which is blended with vehicle fuel and exported for bitumen production.
Industries Using Natural Gas Liquids
Each type of natural gas liquid has its own primary sector of use. As their applications vary, the primary sectors for NGLs can also be different:
Ethane is primarily used in the industrial sector.
Propane is used in the industrial, residential and commercial sectors.
Butane is mainly used for transportation and in the industrial sector.
The application of the isobutanes is mostly in the industrial sector.
Pentane and Pentane Plus are used for transportation.
How Are Natural Gas Liquids Extracted?
There are two methods for removing NGLs from the natural gas stream: absorption and cryogenic expansion.
The Absorption Method
The absorption method for NGL extraction is very similar to how dehydration works. The primary difference lies in the usage of absorbing the oil in NGL absorption instead of glycol in the process of dehydration.
The absorption method is used when it is necessary to pick up heavier natural gas liquids like butane and pentane because the absorbing oil has an affinity with them. The absorption process occurs in an "absorption tower" where the gas comes into contact with absorbing oil which soaks up most of the natural gas liquids. Then the mixture of absorption oil and NGLs is heated to a temperature higher than the boiling point for the NGLs, but below the boiling point of the oil.
This process yields a recovery of 75% butanes and 85-90% natural gasoline from the natural gas feedstock.
The Cryogenic Expansion Process
The lighter hydrocarbons, unlike the heavier NGLs, are harder to recover from the natural gas feedstocks. This is where the cryogenic expansion process comes into place. In this process, the temperature of natural gas is lowered to -120 degrees Fahrenheit by using external cooling agents. One of the most common and at the same time effective methods of cooling natural gas is the turbo expander process.
This process uses an expansion turbine to quickly drop the temperature of the gas, causing the natural gas liquids to start condensing. Apart from being efficient, this method can also save some serious energy costs by converting a portion of the released energy.
24/7 Compression is your trusted provider of gas compression parts, equipment and services for your business. Learn more about our wide range of services and expertise. We offer flexible solutions tailored to your industry needs!
What Is NGL Fractionation?
The fractionation process is used in natural gas processing plants to separate the natural gas liquids into individual products. Fractionation works based on the different boiling points of the different hydrocarbons in the stream. This process consists of a series of steps, starting from the lighter NGLs being taken out from the natural gas stream.
The fractionation is the second step in the process of natural gas treatment. The first step includes the extraction of the liquids from the natural gas. And the second is the separation of these liquids into their base components, such as ethane, propane, butane, and methane.
At 24/7 Compression, we are proud to be a trusted wholesaler of gas compression parts and equipment for many different industries. We offer flexible solutions to our clients, including new build and used compressor packages, rental packages and full services. We have multiple locations in Alberta and British Columbia, so don't hesitate to reach out and let's discuss how we can help. Contact us today!
Industrial power generators are often used in factories, schools, hospitals, and other institutions for their need for constant power. Apart from the obvious benefits of an uninterrupted power supply, they also provide a sense of safety and security. Moreover, besides the fact that industrial power generators have a lot to offer in terms of function and safety, they also provide cost-efficiency.
Types of Industrial Generators
When you're looking to purchase an industrial power generator, you should know that many different types of generators are on the market. The first type of industrial power generator is a standby generator. Standby generators provide power and will automatically start if the primary power source goes out. They can also be used as a backup for businesses or residences with sensitive equipment.
The second type of industrial power generator is known as a portable generator. These are often considered an alternative to gas-powered generators because they are much quieter and cleaner but are not designed to provide continuous power over long periods of time.
Why Purchase a Used Power Generator Instead of Buying a New One?
Purchasing a used power generator has many advantages. You get the opportunity to save money and buy one of the best brands in the industry, and you can purchase a generator that suits your needs exactly. That being said, there are some mistakes you need to avoid when purchasing a used generator, and these include:
Buying a power generator without inspecting it first.
Purchasing a generator from an unlicensed seller.
Purchasing a power generator with unclear features.
Purchasing an old model instead of the latest generation.
Buying generators that the manufacturer has recalled.
Making the right decision when choosing a power generator for your business is essential. This piece of machinery would help you keep your company's performance even when there is a power outage or impaired power supply. Buying a used power generator is one way to go, and the cost is a reasonable factor to consider. But what do you need to look for when choosing a used power generator?
What Has the Generator Been Used for?
When buying a used power generator, it is important to determine what it was used for by its previous owner. If, for example, the generator was used as a backup power source, it is more likely for it to have a better general condition. If used as the main power source, on the other hand, the generator probably has a significant run-time. You should be able to access this information by checking the generator's odometer, but unfortunately, this is not always possible.
Another thing to consider is the generator's age. Depending on the machine's age, finding parts or an expert who can repair the generator can be an easy task or a challenging process.
How Was the Generator Maintained?
How a generator was maintained is just as important as how much it was used. Do not hesitate to ask the seller about the previous owner's procedures to keep the generator in good working condition. If possible, the seller could provide you with a maintenance log or other documentation tracking the generator's use and repairs.
If the seller can not provide you with these, make sure to ask him general questions such as:
Does the previous owner of the generator have certified technicians in-house, or does he hire a company to do the maintenance?
Was there a need for major repairs to be made while using the generator?
How many times, if more than one, was the generator installed and de-installed, and why?
Are There Any Visible Damages?
Any mechanical device suffers wear and tear over time. A power generator is no exception, so you should always check for any visible damage before purchasing. This is extremely important when choosing a used generator because it is generally more likely to have cracks or corrosion.
The best thing you could do is to work with a team of well-known experts with the experience needed to notice even well-hidden damages. Contact us, so we can help you choose a used power generator.
Check the Generator's Load Testing Performance
Even though it is a pretty standard procedure, it is essential to ensure that the seller has run a load test on the generator before buying it. Load testing is the only way to ensure that your generator will work when you need it most. This is why you should not compromise on this and always check the generator's performance before making a buying decision.
A power generator load test will typically consist of various levels of electrical current being drawn from the generator to determine how it performs under different circumstances. The test can also check for voltage regulation and power factors. All of these tests are performed to ensure that your equipment can power up and provide enough energy throughout the day without any issues.
Buy a Used Generator Only From a Trusted Seller
Whether you buy a used power generator or a new one, always purchase it from a seller with a good reputation that you can trust. The seller's experience and reputation could give you a general idea about what quality and working conditions you should expect from the equipment you buy. Choosing a generator simply by its make and model could be misleading, especially if you are not an expert in the area. However, when you work with a team you can trust, these details are not an issue.
At 24/7 Compression, you will find a team with many years of experience, combined with great expertise and motivation to find the best solution for each client. Along with our services, we offer new and used power generation equipment, following the client's needs. In addition, we provide maintenance services, including installation and startup, performance analysis and emergency call-outs.
The process of choosing a power generation system is not an easy one. There are many factors to consider to make the right decision compliant with your business goals. The first step of that process would be to research and compare the different opportunities on the market. This may take a lot of time and effort, especially if you are unsure what exactly to look for when comparing different power generation packages. However, at 24/7 compression, we value your time, and we want to help you make an informed decision that will pay off in the future.
We created a list of the most important questions to ask when choosing a power generation system. If you have any questions or feel that you need a professional opinion on this one, contact us. We will gladly assist you in determining the best solution for your business.
Evaluate Your Demands
Generating the power that we need to power our homes, cities, and industries is more challenging now than ever before. This is because many of the traditional methods for power generation are no longer sustainable sources. At the same time, there are new needs for powering industries that are growing rapidly. That means that there are more challenges to overcome when modernizing how we generate power. Some of these challenges include developing better ways of matching power demands with available resources, identifying new sources that can be used more effectively, and creating customized solutions for our clients.
So, when choosing a power generator, it is crucial to evaluate your demands and business goals. So, here we give you some questions to discuss with your team in the project planning phase:
What is the Primary Purpose of the Power Generation System?
If your business requires you to buy a power generation system, we recommend discussing the different options with a professional to find the best solution for your business needs.
But if you are looking for a temporary or a backup solution for some time, you could review our rental program. We provide skid-type or trailer-type models with power ranges from 50kW to 2.0mW, and our experienced team would be happy to help you choose a power generation unit.
Other things to consider are:
What type of power generation systems are available to you based on your location?
Are there climate factors that you would have to consider?
Do you look for a general or customized solution for your business?
What other companies in your industry are choosing and why?
What is your price range?
Although all these factors are essential, one is crucial when choosing a power generation system.
What Type of Fuel Your Power Generation System Would Use?
At 24/7 Compression, we are committed to helping your business by analyzing your needs and finding the most efficient equipment for your company. To achieve that, we provide you with opportunities for custom Natural Gas, Diesel and Propane power generator packages from Belair Power.
Give us a call to discuss your current company needs and help your project be successful.
What Are the Main Components of a Power Generation System?
Imagine your power generation system as a combination of two main components: a generating unit and an engine. The generating unit conducts electricity using the principle of electromagnetism.
On the other hand, the engine turns the rotor using an internal combustion process.
Choose a Design Based on Your Needs
At 24/7 Compression, we know how important it is to find a solution that best fits your company's demands. Sometimes, this process may require additional help from us to discuss or analyze your business goals and current demands. We can design custom packages to support your project without compromising on deadlines. We can work in very short time frames, with included time for producing the approval documents your project needs.
Power Generation Efficiency Is Your Number One Priority
Although there are many opportunities on the market, we advise you to invest in a power generation system with proven high efficiency. With years of experience and excellent expertise, our team has the ability and resources to build for you a generator package focused on effectiveness. We are CWB certified and worked with small and large multiple-unit structures, often upgraded with many different features and options.
Building a power generation package is not an easy task. This is why we trust an experienced team of electrical technicians, who consider many factors when working for a client, including the available space, the future need for maintenance and the daily operational process. We believe that improvement comes with experience, and this is why we strive to be better with every package we design.
Use Custom Functionality Control Panels
A good power generation system needs to be efficient as well as functional. A huge step forward in this process is creating customized control panels that would allow your team to work with the system in an objectively easy way. In general, we build our packages in a way that would not require much input or deep knowledge, so each of your team members would feel confident to use our product.
Trust a Product That Has Passed the Proper Testing Process
Our efforts are to give you a high-functioning power generation system and a pleasant experience when working with us. In order to do that and have your power generation package working right on time, we conduct tests on all of our products, regardless of the fuel type they use. By doing that, we are making sure that you will receive the best quality service and package to use.
When investing your time and resources in choosing a power generation system, it is important for you to know all the basic requirements and functionalities that you need to understand. You do not have to be an expert, but have a trusted partner who could guide you towards the successful completion of this project. Contact us today, and we will design and build for you the power generation package your business needs.